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Mission for Peace: Point Four in Iran

William E. Warne
ISBN: 978-0-936347-84-4
Format: Hardcover
Trim: 5½ x 8½ inches
Publication Date: 01/01/1999
Pages: 332
Language: English



The recolletions of the head of Truman's Point 4 Program in Iran (1952-1955) which became a focal point of the Mosaddegh government. Many important future Iranian politicians were involved in the program.

In 1951, when Bill Warne was asked to become Point 4 Country Director in Iran, he thought hard. Unquestionably, he believed in Point 4. But he knew that Iran would be the proving ground for the whole technical cooperation idea. If he took on the job and failed, the entire idea, the whole effort, might die as a result. And he could foresee that Iran would be a difficult test area. Moreover, Iran was a key country in the cold war. The success or failure of the untried Point 4 Program there could well determine its alignment with the West or East. His responsibility would be heavy.

Warne was eminently qualified. In his sixteen years with the Department of the Interior he had risen through the ranks to become Assistant Secretary. He had specialized in resource development programs much like those he would face in Iran. Finally he decided to accept the challenge. After that decision there was no turning back. Mission for Peace is his story of his four years as Country Director in Iran.

Bill Warne sees in his work a means to insure peace. We can preserve peace, he says, only by waging it aggressively. He lives his belief.

Mission for Peace is Point 4 in action in the field. It is a full, frank report of the whole operation in one key country-Iran--written by the man principally responsible for making the program work.

You see the necessary international agreements and contracts negotiated, the unavoidable red tape untangled or cut through, the broad obstacles to be surmounted-Iranian political crises, Soviet propaganda offensives, Yankee-go-home campaigns, the difficulties of working in rugged, often roadless country. You see the technicians at work on practical problems at practical levels, often small problems and quite local --for example, stopping typhoid in a village by helping the villagers to purify their water supply, or improving the local scrawny breed of chickens by air-lifting baby chicks from the U. S. (Setting eggs, also tried, stood transportation less well, surprisingly.)

Mission for Peace, by and large, is hopeful. Beyond doubt it is thrilling. It is honest always, including the project's failures along with its triumphs. Here is the record. Judge it yourself.

That William E. Warne was leading a mission for peace, for the moment and for the future, was clearly recognized:

On July 28, 1952, Loy W. Henderson, U. S. Ambassador to Iran, wrote:
"In my opinion both Iran and the United States are indebted to Point 4 particularly during the present crisis. The activities of Point 4 have notably strengthened the friendship between the United States and Iran. Furthermore, the numerous cordial relationships established by Point 4 American personnel with Iranians have helped to thwart the efforts of certain elements to create misunderstanding between the two countries."

On December 15, 1952, John G. Evans, Deputy Director in Iran, who was leaving to take charge of Technical Assistance in Israel, wrote:
"... the clear, decisive leadership which you have brought as Director has established a pattern and a guide-post for every other TCA Program the world over. It is a high mark to shoot for, and if the others come anywhere near it, then TCA will accomplish its aims, elsewhere as it has here."

On January 25, 1954, Leon J. Deeming, on the OMI in Tehran, wrote:
"In your speech ... there was a high note of idealism, firm but realistic optimism. That may well be, I feel, America's unique and greatest contribution to hopeless and easily discouraged people.... Your leadership has advanced the idea here in the Moslem world of the brotherhood of all men, America's great world mission today."


1/Point 4
2/Country Agreement in Iran
4/The Cabinet Committee Digs In
5/Clocks Turn Back
6/"35,000 Reds Fly to Iran"
7/The Thirtieth of Tir
8/Six Farsa to Shalamzar
9/Yankee Go Home
10/The Fight for Life
11/Pure Water to Drink
12/Opening the Windows of Heaven
13/A Project, Full Cycle
14/From Peasants to Freeholders
15/Sands Run Low
16/Doors to Progress
17/Twenty-eighth of Mordad
18/Rebuilding Iran
19/Khiaban Asle Chahar
20/Co-operation with Other Missions
21/A Country Director Goes Home

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